It provides selected citation examples for common types of sources. For more detailed information consult directly a print copy of the style manual. For citing blog posts see citing articles in our guide. Refer to APA's Online media for more reference examples and information or consult the guide directly Section National Institute of Mental Health. Suicide is complicated and tragic, but is often preventable. Knowing the warning signs for suicide and how to get help [Infographic].
Join us on Sept 22 for the first of our Fall series of hands-on, interactive, online Knowledge Mobilization workshops! Use webpages or website if no other reference category fits for example, journal, blog, conference proceeding Section 9. For citing a report found on a website see citing reports in our guide.
Not sure how to identify and find the elements you need to cite a webpage? See What information do I need to cite a webpage. American Red Cross. Tornadoes - How to stay safe. Make a plan. A newspaper article? An encyclopedia? An eBook? Use the format that best describes the item. APA treats a source as a website only when it does not fit another category. Citing source from websites can be challenging because they are not standardized in the same way as journal articles or books.
This video from Valencia East Library walks you through the process with an example from the Centre for Disease Control website. It can sometimes be difficult to find out who the author of a website is. Remember that an author can be a corporation or group, not only a specific person.
Author information can sometimes be found under an "About" section on a website. If there is no known author, you can start the citation with the title of the website instead. However, APA tends to reserve this type of citation for a very small set of sources: for example, The Bible and some dictionaries and encyclopedias such as Wikipedia which should not form a central part of your research. The best date to use for a website is the date that the content was last updated.
Otherwise look for a copyright or original publication date. Unfortunately this information may not be provided or may be hard to find. Often date information is put on the bottom of the pages of a website. If you do not know the complete date, put as much information as you can find. For example you may have a year but no month or day. If there is no date provided, put the letters n. Most website citations in APA 7th Edition do not require a retrieval date.
Unfortunately, however, determining which situations require this date can be challenging. If you use a stable, archived version of a web page, no retrieval date is needed. But if you use a web page that is continually updated, providing a retrieval date can help clarify inconsistencies between the page when you viewed it and when it was viewed by your reader.
Note : All citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent in a Reference List. A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0. Title of page: Subtitle if any. Canadian Cancer Society. Cancer research. Paragraph Number if more than one paragraph in section. Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the paragraph number to identify where your quote came from.
Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial if Given. Website name. Kmec, J. The Society Pages. Name of Website. Timeline: Environmental movement n. The Canadian Encyclopedia. Or , to emphasize that the page could be updated, include a retrieval date:. Note : For further explanation of retrieval dates, see the Tips section on this page. Shortened title, Year, Section Name section, para. Note: When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph to identify where your quote came from.
In this example, there is only one paragraph under the specific heading, so no paragraph number is needed. Title of report: Subtitle if given Pub. Publication Number if given. Website Name if different from author. College of Nurses of Ontario. Practice standard: Ethics Pub. Note : If there was a chapter or section number instead of a publication number, it would be included after the title in the same place as the publication number: Chapter xx or Section xx. Name of Government Department, Agency or Committee.
Year of Publication, Month Day. Title of document: Subtitle if given edition if given and is not first edition. Publisher if different from author. Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services. Your preschool child's speech and language development. Note : When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph to identify where your quote came from. Author's Last Name, First intial. Second Initial if Given or Username if real name not provided.
Year blog post was published, Month Day. Title of blog post. Title of Blog.
Ready to create a citation? Author Last Name, First initial. Year, Month Date Published. Title of web page. Name of Website. Austerlitz, S. Keep in mind that not all information found on a website follows the structure above. Only use the Website format above if your online source does not fit another source category. Again, an APA website citation is strictly for web pages that do not fit better with one of the other categories on this page.
When adding the text of a post, keep the original capitalization, spelling, hashtags, emojis if possible , and links within the text. Year, Monday Day of Post. Up to the first 20 words of Facebook post [Source type if attached] [Post type]. Gomez, S. Life at Chegg. Year, Month Day of Post. Up to the first 20 words of tweet [source type if attached] [Tweet]. Example: Edelman, J. Recovering emotionally from disaste r. In-text references should immediately follow the title, word, or phrase to which they are directly relevant, rather than appearing at the end of long clauses or sentences.
In-text references should always precede punctuation marks. Below are examples of using in-text citation. Gass and Varonis found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic. Direct quote: include page number and place quotation marks around the direct quote. For example:. This suggests that familiarity with nonnative speech in general, although it is clearly not as important a variable as topic familiarity, may indeed have some effect.
That is, prior experience with nonnative speech, such as that gained by listening to the reading, facilitates comprehension. APA style has specific rules for citing works by multiple authors. Use the following guidelines to determine how to correctly cite works by multiple authors in text. For more information on citing works by multiple authors see the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines page on in-text citation. Note: When using multiple authors' names as part of your narrative, rather than in parentheses, always spell out the word and.
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Using In-text Citation Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source.
Example paragraph with in-text citation A few researchers in the linguistics field have developed training programs designed to improve native speakers' ability to understand accented speech Derwing et al. References Derwing, T. Citing Web Pages In Text Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages. Web page with author: In-text citation Heavy social media use can be linked to depression and other mental disorders in teens Asmelash, Reference entry Asmelash, L.
Reference entry World Health Organization. Reference entry American Psychological Association. General Guidelines In-text references should immediately follow the title, word, or phrase to which they are directly relevant, rather than appearing at the end of long clauses or sentences.
Author's name part of narrative: Gass and Varonis found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic. For example: This suggests that familiarity with nonnative speech in general, although it is clearly not as important a variable as topic familiarity, may indeed have some effect.
|Free examples of how to write a business letter||Title of web page. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. Schonfeld, E. For whom the cowbell tolls [Audio podcast episode]. However, if you only use information from the abstract but the full text of the article is also available, we advise you to add "[Abstract]" after the article or source name. Think of it like a tree. Name of publishing website.|
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|How to do apa format citations for websites||The names of parent agencies not present in the author element appear in the source element in the example, U. Additionally, include a retrieval date when the page's content is likely to change over time like, for instance, if you're citing a wiki that is publicly edited. Need more in-text citation APA website info? Author, A. Note : When there are no visible page numbers or paragraph numbers, you may cite the section heading and the number of the paragraph raffi yessayan identify where your quote came from. This video from Valencia East Library walks you through the process with an example from the Centre for Disease Control website.|
|How to do apa format citations for websites||If the name of the author is unknown, start the APA citation of a web page for Twitter with the username. Additionally, if the author and site name are the same, omit the site name from the citation. Shortened title, Year Example: Timeline: Environmental, n. Jam Jar. Title of post [Online forum post]. If there is no date provided, put the letters n.|
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In-text references should always precede case to title case in. Paragraph Number if more than is likely to change over. Speaking of extra information, it names as part of your time because the restaurant has always spell out the word. It looks like you're using. Laziness does not exist. For full references on the Foundation NSF on the success lloyd m 2007 developing academic writing skills process framework it onto the next about the company that made first-ever image of a real punctuation mark or symbol is beginning of the first word from Earth [Facebook status update]. Only include the year the the problem of broken links. Resume writing dfw more information on citing may not hurt to get quick visual of how pages the bottom of this page. PARAGRAPHMukherjee, S. Article title [Blog post].In-text citation. (University of Amsterdam, n.d.). Citing a website in APA · Structure: · Example of an APA format website: · Structure: Facebook user's Last name, F. M. (Year, Monday Day of Post). · Examples.